Chapter 1 (and www) Scavenger Hunt

Chapter 1 (and www) Scavenger Hunt.

While reading the book, look for the answers to these questions. In the margin, put the page number where you found the answer beside each question. If you found it on the internet, provide the URL.

Then, make sure that you can answer all of these questions, as some of them will be on the exam.

Also, do not forget to do the end of the chapter problems and the "Concept Check" questions in the chapter.

1. What commercial product was the driving force for scientists to study in vitro yeast extracts?
2. Concept integration question 1.1: where is this? What is the answer? Where is the published answer to this question?
3. The fossil record begins to show evidence of the first eukaryotes __million years ago.
4. What types of molecules are enzymes?
5. List four differences between plant and animal cells.
6. List four types of RNA, what is the function of each one?
7. What is the name of the bond between amino acids in a protein?
8. What is a kilodalton (kDa)? What is it used to represent?
9. What is the name of the bond between nucleotides in RNA and DNA?
10. What are the four major classes of biomolecules? What are their primary cellular functions?
11. What is the linkage between sugars in a polysaccharide?
12. What is metabolic flux?
13. What is the "endosymbionic theory"?
14. Describe the "Central Dogma" of molecular biology?
15. What is the chemical basis of genetic inheritance?
16. What does in vitro mean?
17. What amino acid was found in the tiny dust particles from a comet tail? Go to the internet for this one!
18. How to paralogs and orthologs differ?
19. What is an important biochemistry ecosystem to study if you like to eat seafood?
20. What one word describes an unrepaired mistake in DNA replication?
21. How are ligands used for intercellular communication. (Do cells have apps?)
22. Name four differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
23. Who generated the X-ray data that was used (without her knowledge) to solve the structure of DNA?
24. What percentage of the human genome has no known function? (Go to the internet for this one.)
25. Can proteins with different amino acid sequences have similar structures?

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